Arabic, Persian or Urdu?

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صبح بخير   ,صبح بخير ,صباح الخير ???????

And then I got to know the difference between them? Or does it seem to be the same thing? Although the Meaning is the same as “Good Morning” the way of saying or pronouncing are totally different and in a way also of how to write, but what is the difference between these languages ​​that share the same writing system with some particularities?

Arabic and Persian (also known as Farsi) are official languages ​​of Middle Eastern countries.


Arabic is the official language of 27 countries, some of which are:

  • Saudi Arabia
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Egypt
  • Iraq
  • Jordan
  • Lebanon
  • Morocco
  • Syria

It is interesting to note that each of these countries has Standard Arabic as a common language that is taught in schools, colleges, used in the media, it is also this form of Arabic that is used in the Koran of Islam, but in everyday life, Arabic spoken in streets is not the same, it differs from country to country. Arabic is part of the Afro-Asian family in the subfamily of Semitic languages, its alphabet has 28 letters.

Persian or Farsi:

Persian or Farsi is the official language of Iran, Afghanistan (Persian variant - also known as Dari or Afghan Persian) and Tajikistan (Persian variant - also known as Tajik), are part of the Indo-European family of the Indo-Iranian subfamily, O Persian is also spoken in some regions of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iraq.

It is estimated that 50% of the Persian vocabulary is Arabic, but pronounced differently, the Persian alphabet has 32 letters.


Urdu is the official language of Pakistan and one of the 24 official languages ​​of India. In India, Urdu is spoken in Uttar Pradesh, Kashmir, Delhi, Bhopal, Bangalorem Hyderabad, Mumbai and other central regions of the country.

Urdu is part of the Indo-European Family of the Indo-Aryan subfamily, and was formed with the influence of Arabic, Persian and Turkish, the name of the Language is derived from a Turkish word "Ordu" which means army, and uses the modified Arabic Alphabet or with some variants in its writing, its alphabet has 38 letters.

See below 3 videos with some expressions in these languages:

Standard Arabic (Modern Standard Arabic) 

Persian (Farsi):

Dari (Afghan Persian):

Tajik (Persian variant of Tajikistan):


And you Polyglots, do you speak any of these languages? To the next!