Basic Chinese vocabulary # 1

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In today's article we will see a small basic vocabulary of the Chinese language, so that you can remember and learn the most common words. The table is divided into categories.

Memorizing this table will help you to add useful and important words to your Chinese vocabulary.

Portuguese Chinês / Mandarim
Vocabulary here huì - 词汇
Countries guó jiā - 国家
Australia ào dà lì yà - 澳大利亚
Cambodia jiǎn pǔ zhài - 柬埔寨
Canada jiā ná dà - 加拿大
China zhōng guó - 中国
Egypt āi jí - 埃及
England yīng guó - 英国
France fó guó - 法国
Germany dé guó - 德国
Greece xī là - 希腊
India yìn dù - 印度
Indonesia yìn dù ní xī yà; yīn dù ní xī yà - 印度尼西亚
Italy yì dà lì - 意大利
Japan rì běn - 日本
Mexico mò xī gē - 墨西哥
Morocco moó luò gē - 摩洛哥
Peru mì lǔ - 秘鲁
Spain xī bān yá - 西班牙
Thailand so guó - 泰国
USA měi guó - 美国
Languages yǔ yán - 语言
Arabic ā lā bǎi yǔ - 阿拉伯语
Chinese zhōng wén - 中文
English yīng yǔ - 英语
French fǎ yǔ - 法语
German dé yǔ - 德语
Greek xī là yǔ - 希腊语
Hebrew xī bǎi lái yǔ - 希伯来语
Hindi yìn dì yǔ - 印地语
Italian yì dà lì yǔ - 意大利语
Japanese rì yǔ - 日语
Korean hán yǔ; yù - 韩语
Latin lā dīng yǔ - 拉丁语
Russian it's yǔ - 俄语
Spanish xī bān yá yǔ - 西班牙语
Urdu wū ěr dū yǔ - 乌尔都语
Days of the week xīng qī - 星期
Monday xīng qī yī - 星期一
Tuesday xīng qī èr - 星期二
Wednesday xīng qī sān - 星期三
Thursday xīng qī sì - 星期四
Friday xīng qī wǔ - 星期五
Saturday xīng qī liù - 星期六
Sunday xīng qī rì - 星期日
Hours shi jiān - 时间
hour xiǎo shí - 小时
minute fēn zhōng - 分钟
second miǎo zhōng - 秒钟

Let's go a little further:

Portuguese Chinês / Mandarim
Colors yán se - 颜色
black hēi se - 黑色
blue lán se - 蓝色
Brown zōng se - 棕色
Grey huī sè - 灰色
green lǜ se - 绿色
orange chéng se - 橙色
purple zǐ se - 紫色
red hóng sè - 红色
White béi se - 白色
yellow huáng sè - 黄色
Sizes chǐ cùn - 尺寸
big gives - 
deep shēn - 
long cháng; zhǎng - 
narrow zhǎi - 
I enjoy duǎn; duān - 
small xiǎo - 
high gas - 
thick hòu - 
thin bò; báo; bó - 
wide kuān - 
likes wèi dào - 味道
bitter kǔ - 
fresh dàn - 
salty xián; xiān - 
sour suān - 
spicy there - 
candy tián - 
qualities xìng zhì - 性质
bad huài - 
clean gān jìng - 干净
dark hēi àn - 黑暗
difficult kùn nán; kùn nan - 困难
dirty āng zàng - 肮脏
dry gān; gàn; hàn - 
easy róng yì - 容易
empty kōng - 空 的
expensive áng guì - 昂贵
fast kuài - 
foreign guó wài - 国外
complete mǎn - 
good huh; huh - 
hard yìng - 
heavy zhòng; chóng - 
cheap pián yí de - 便宜 的
Light qīng - 
place dāng dì - 当地
New xīn - 
noisy cáo zá - 嘈杂
old there - 
powerful qiáng dà - 强大
calm ān jìng - 安静
right zhèng què - 正确
slow huǎn màn - 缓慢
soft ruǎn - 
much hěn - 
weak ruò - 
wet sho tea - 潮湿
wrong cuò wù - 错误
young nián qīng - 年轻
food shí pǐn - 食品
almonds xìng rén - 杏仁
bread miàn bāo - 面包
Breakfast zǎo cān - 早餐
butter huáng yóu - 黄油
bullet táng guǒ - 糖果
cheese not there - 奶酪
chicken jī ròu - 鸡肉
cumin zī rán - 孜然
sobremesa tián diǎn - 甜点
dinner wǎn cān - 晚餐
fish yú ròu - 鱼肉
fruit shuǐ guǒ - 水果
ice cream bīng qí ling - 冰淇淋
lamb gāo yáng ròu - 羔羊 肉
lemon no language - 柠檬
lunch wǔ cān - 午餐
meal can - 
beef ròu - 
forno kǎo xiāng - 烤箱
chili hú jiāo - 胡椒
plants zhí wù - 植物
pork zhū ròu - 猪肉
salad shā lā - 沙拉
salt yán - 
sandwich sān ming zhì - 三明治
sausage xiāng cháng - 香肠
soup tāng - 
sugar tang - 
supper, dinner wǎn fàn - 晚饭
Peru huǒ jī - 火鸡
Apple pingu guǒ - 苹果
banana xiāng jiāo - 香蕉
oranges ji zi - 桔子
peaches So - 
peanut huā shēng - 花生
pears li - 
pineapple bō luó - 菠萝
grape pu tao - 葡萄
strawberries dog mean - 草莓
vegetables shū cài - 蔬菜
carrot hú luó bo - 胡萝卜
corn yù mǐ - 玉米
cucumber huáng guā - 黄瓜
garlic give suàn - 大蒜
lettuce wō jù - 莴苣
olives gǎn lǎn - 橄榄
onions yáng cōng - 洋葱
Bell peppers there jiāo - 辣椒
potatoes I'm sorry - 土豆
pumpkin nán guā - 南瓜
beans dòu lèi - 豆类
tomatoes fān qié - 蕃茄
alligator duǎn wěn è - 短 吻 鳄
alligators duǎn wěn è - 短 吻 鳄
bear xióng - 
bears xióng - 
Bird niǎo - 
birds niǎo - 
bull gōng niú - 公牛
bulls gōng niú - 公牛
cat hand - 
cats hand - 
cow n ni niú - 奶牛
cows n ni niú - 奶牛
deer lù - 鹿
many deer hěn duō lù - 很多 鹿
dog gǒu - 
dogs gǒu - 
dumb lǚ - 
donkeys lǚ - 
eagle yīng - 
eagles yīng - 
elephant dà xiàng - 大象
elephants dà xiàng - 大象
giraffe chang gěng lù - 长颈鹿
giraffes chang gěng lù - 长颈鹿
goat shān yáng - 山羊
goats shān yáng - 山羊
horse mǎ - 
horses mǎ - 
lion shī zi - 狮子
lions shī zi - 狮子
monkey hóu zi - 猴子
monkeys hóu zi - 猴子
mouse lǎo shǔ - 老鼠
rats lǎo shǔ - 老鼠
Bunny you - 
rabbits you - 
snake shé - 
snakes shé - 
tiger there hǔ - 老虎
tigers there hǔ - 老虎
Wolf ling - 
wolves ling - 
objects wù jiàn - 物件
banheiro yù shì - 浴室
bed chuáng - 
room wò shì - 卧室
ceiling tiān huā bǎn - 天花板
chair yǐ zi - 椅子
clothes yī fú - 衣服
coat so so - 外套
cup bēi zi - 杯子
writing desk zhuō zi - 桌子
dress fú zhuāng - 服装
floor dì bǎn - 地板
fork chā - 
furniture jiā jù - 家具
glass good li - 玻璃
hat hand zi - 帽子
House fang zi - 房子
ink mò shuǐ - 墨水
jacket jiā kè - 夹克
kitchen chú fang - 厨房
faca dāo - 
lamp dēng - 
Letter xìn - 
map say it - 地图
newspaper bào zhǐ - 报纸
notebook bǐ jì běn - 笔记本
calças kù zi - 裤子
paper zhǐ - 
pen gāng bǐ - 钢笔
pencil qiān bǐ - 铅笔
farmácia yào fáng - 药房
photo frame tú piān - 图片
plate Pán zi - 盘子
fridge bīng xiāng - 冰箱
restaurant cān guǎn - 餐馆
roof wū dǐng - 屋顶
room fáng jiān - 房间
carpet dì tǎn - 地毯
scissors jiǎn dāo - 剪刀
shampoo xǐ fā shuǐ - 洗发 水
shirt chèn shān - 衬衫
shoes xié - 
soap, soap féi zào - 肥皂
socks wà zi - 袜子
Spoon sháo zi - 勺子
table zhuō zi - 桌子
toilet cè suǒ - 厕所
Toothbrush yá shuā - 牙刷
Toothpaste yá gāo - 牙膏
towel máo jīn - 毛巾
umbrella yǔ sǎn - 雨伞
underwear nèi yī - 内衣
wall qiáng - 
Wallet qián bāo - 钱包
window chuāng kǒu - 窗口
telephone diàn huà - 电话
this this zhè - 
that that gāi - 
these these zhè xiē - 这些
those those no xiē - 那些
Questions
Like? rú hé? - 如何?
What? shén mē? - 什么?
Who? shì shuí? - 是 谁?
Why? wèi shén me? - 为什么?
Where? zài nǎ lǐ? - 在 哪里?
different objects gè zhǒng wù tǐ - 各种 物体
art yì shù pǐn - 艺术品
Bank yín háng - 银行
Beach hǎi tān - 海滩
book shū - 
by bike qí zì xíng chē - 骑 自行车
by bus zuò gōng gōng qì chē - 坐 公共汽车
by car kāi chē / zuò chē  – 开车 / 坐车
by train zuò huǒ chē - 坐 火车
coffee kā fēi guǎn - 咖啡 馆
parents guó jiā - 国家
desert shā mò - 沙漠
dictionary zì diǎn - 字典
Earth dì qiú - 地球
flowers huā - 
football whoa whoa - 足球
forest s línn lingua - 森林
game yóu xì - 游戏
garden huā yuán - 花园
geography dì lǐ - 地理
history lì shǐ - 历史
House fang zi - 房子
island dǎo - 
lake hú - 
library tú shū guǎn - 图书馆
mathematics shù xué - 数学
moon yuè liàng - 月亮
Mountain shān - 
movies diàn yǐng - 电影
music yīn yuè - 音乐
Ocean hǎi yáng - 海洋
office bàn gōng shì - 办公室
on foot you good - 徒步
player bō fàng jī - 播放 机
River hé liú - 河流
science kē xué - 科学
sea hǎi - 
heaven tiān kōng - 天空
soccer whoa whoa - 足球
stars xīng xīng - 星星
supermarket chāo jí shì chǎng - 超级市场
pool yóu yǒng chí - 游泳池
theater jù chǎng - 剧场
tree shù - 
weather (meteorological) tiān qì - 天气
bad weather è liè tiān qì - 恶劣 天气
cloudy duō yún - 多云
cold lěng - 
fresh liáng - 
with fog yǒu wù - 有 雾
hot rè - 
nice weather h tio tiān qì - 好 天气
torrential rain qīng pén dà yǔ - 倾盆大雨
rain yǔ - 
raining xià yǔ - 下雨
snow xuě - 
snowing xià xuě - 下雪
ice bīng - 
sunny qíng lǎng - 晴朗
windy yǒu fēng - 有 风
spring chūn tiān - 春天
summer xià tiān - 夏天
outono qiū jì - 秋季
Winter dōng tiān - 冬天
people rén - 
aunt ā yí - 阿姨
baby er - 婴儿
brother xiōng , dì - 兄 , 弟
cousin cousin táng xiōng dì ; táng jiě mèi ; biǎo xiōng dì ; biǎo jiě mèi - 堂兄弟 ; 堂姐妹 ; 表兄弟 ; 表 姐妹
daughter nǚ ér - 女儿
dentist yá kē yī shēng - 牙科 医生
doctor yī shēng - 医生
dad fù qīn - 父亲
Grandfather zǔ fù - 祖父
Grandfather zǔ mǔ - 祖母
husband zhàng fū - 丈夫
mother mǔ qīn - 母亲
nephew zhí zi ; wài shēng - 侄子 ; 外甥
niece zhí nǚ ; wài sheng nǚ - 侄女 ; 外甥女
nurse hù shì - 护士
police officer jǐng tea - 警察
carteiro yóu chāi - 邮差
college professor jiào shòu - 教授
son ér zi - 儿子
teacher lǎo shī - 老师
uncle shū shū - 叔叔
wife qī zǐ - 妻子

I hope you enjoyed the article, and that this table has helped you to increase your Chinese vocabulary.