Simple Present in English? Rules and Examples


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THE Simple Present or simple present is a tense that we use to indicate habitual actions and recurring situations that occur in the present or in everyday life. It can also be used to Express feelings, desires, opinions, truths and preferences.

Its name is obvious and it means simple verbal form of the present. Phrases with simple present usually accompany expressions of time (adverbs) such as:

now now
always ever
today today
never Never
every day every day
often often
daily daily
sometimes sometimes
every morning every morning

For you to see how the Simple Gift it's a simple thing, let's see some examples below:

I run I run
You run You run
We run We run
I always run I always run
She kisses She kisses
She daily kisses She kisses daily
She often does She often does
It dies He dies
He enjoys He likes
It plays Ele/ela brinca
Babies cry  Babies cry

Simple present rules and tips

Now that you have seen several examples above, be aware of some rules that you can observe in these examples:

  • Verbs change when he, she and it are used. An “S” is added at the end of the verb.
  • When the verb ends in "O, S, SS, SH, CH, X or Z" you must add the ES instead of just an S.
  • When the verb ends with consonants before the Y, you must remove the Y and add HEI in place. [study = studies]
  • The verbs in the simple present are used with the verbs in the infinitive, but without the “to” particle.
  • The verb “to do” means to do. Already in simple present it is used as an auxiliary verb that complements the formation of negative and interrogative sentences.

simple present

Difference between simple present x present continuous? THE simple present describes a habitual action and occurred while the present continuous describes an action that is currently taking place or has just taken place.

Conjugation of the verb to be in Simple Present: 

  • I am (I'm)
  • You are (You're)
  • He is (He's)
  • She is (She's)
  • It is (It's)
  • You are (You're)
  • We are (We're)
  • They are (They're)

The simple present also has a way of combining the verb to have.

Simple present example sentences

Now that you know the rules, let's see everything in practice with examples:

Phrase in Portuguese and English Phrase in Portuguese Note
The sky is blue The sky is blue Universal Truth
He leaves his office at six o'clock. He leaves the office at six o'clock Affirmative
I don't understand what they say I don't understand what they say Negative
Do they know about this? Do they know about it? Interrogative
Mary and I work together. Mary and I work together. Habitual
Jack lives in Canada. Jack lives in Canada. Affirmative
She go to church every sunday. She goes to church every Sunday. Affirmative
We don't have the time. We don't have time.
Don't cry for me. Do not Cry for Me.
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