Science Fiction - Understand better + Books

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Science fiction! If you consider yourself a nerd, CDF, a geek or just addicted/passionate about technology, you already know and love this genre!

More to begin with, what is this genre also known as sci-fi?

Today we are going to talk about this topic that is so well known by many, but there is still an immense range of people who are still laymen when it comes to Science Fiction. So we decided to bring a foreseen explanation - however very instructive - on this topic and some of the main works.

Ficção Científica - Entenda melhor + Livros

So I hope you like it!

Inside the history of science fiction

This genre embraces themes with fiction/imagination concepts, regarding the future, technology and science. It was developed in the mid-19th century, and is abbreviated as SF, FC, sci-fi or scifi, and is also known as “Literature of Project Ideas”.

Science fiction books are books that include Project Ideas such as: science and humanity. The impacts and consequences that science can bring to our world and coexistence.

And it can also cover: Aliens, space travel, time travel, robots, exploration of other planets, and also fictional planets – non-existent in our galaxy. These readings can open up big questions for readers. Open a world full of imaginations, questions, consciousness, and others.

The work in science fiction that was considered the starting point was “Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus” written by Mary Shelley in 1817. And it tells the story of a scientist who tries to recreate life based on studies by alchemists who preceded it. Mary is considered the mother of science fiction.

Obviously there are several other works where civilizations are narrated that use technologies that would be invented more like submarines, planes, among other things. Which end up not fitting into the science fiction genre, works written by Edgar Allan Poe, Horace Walpolle, and Francis Bacon's Nova Atlântida written in 1926.

After Mary Shelley, Jules Verne (1828-1905) emerged who brings in his works trips to the moon, the center of the Earth and the bottom of the oceans. And then HG Wells (1866-1946) came, with time travel, invisible men, and extraterrestrial invasions.

Sci-Fi Classifications

Isaac Asimov published a study in which it classified the history of science fiction into three periods:

  • Classical era - until 1926;
  • It was Gernsback - 1926 to 1938;
  • Third era – 1938 to present day.

However, this classification is not restricted to literary periods but also covers the specialized magazines that emerged from the Gernsback Era and the TV and film adaptations that emerged in the Third Era.

Ficção Científica - Entenda melhor + Livros

However, there are other very different classifications of the history of Science Fiction:

  • Classical Era - 1818 to 1938;
  • Golden Age - 1938 to 1960;
  • New Wave - 1960 to 1980;
  • Cyberpunk Phase - 1980 to the present day.

Some of the main works - Books

Isaac Asimov Foundation Trilogy

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The greatest work of the writer Isaac Asimov, the three books that make up the - Trilogy of the Foundation 'Foundation', 'Foundation and Empire' and 'Second Foundation' - were elected, in 1966, the best series of science fiction and fantasy of all. times, surpassing major competitors like The Lord of the Rings, by JRR Tolkien. The trilogy tells the story of mankind, at a distant point in the future, when the visionary scientist Hari Seldon predicts the total destruction of the human empire and all the knowledge accumulated for millennia. Unable to prevent tragedy, he devises a bold plan, in which it is possible to reconstruct the glory of men. If everything goes as planned. This edition is unprecedented in Brazil, because in addition to the new translation, it brings the modifications made by the author in the 1980s, when he decided to integrate all his works in a single temporal continuity. This box contains the books: 'Foundation', 'Foundation and Empire' 'Second Foundation'. Link to buy: Click here

HG Wells' Time Machine

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The Time Machine is the first novel by HG Wells. After several drafts and versions, it was finally published in 1895, when the author was only 29 years old. The book was an instant success in the UK, and its fame soon spread to other countries. Called a 'man of genius', considered a pioneer, Wells paved the way not only for his books and his vision of the world, but for new thematic possibilities in literature. The Time Machine is the first novel by HG Wells. After several drafts and versions, it was finally published in 1895. The book was an instant success in the UK, and its fame soon spread to other countries. Called a 'man of genius', considered a pioneer, Wells paved the way not only for his books and his vision of the world, but for new thematic possibilities in literature. Link to buy: Click here

The War of the Worlds

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They came from space. They came from Mars. With giant biomechanical tripods, they want to conquer Earth and keep humans as slaves. No terrestrial technology seems to be able to contain the spread of terror across the planet. It is the beginning of the most important war in history. How will humanity be able to resist the onslaught of such superior military potential? First published in 1898, The War of the Worlds terrified and amused many generations of readers. This special edition contains the original illustrations created in 1906 by Henrique Alvim Corrêa, a Brazilian living in Belgium. It also has a preface written by Braulio Tavares, an introduction by Brian Aldiss, a member of the HG Wells Society, and an interview with HG Wells and the famous filmmaker Orson Welles — responsible for the radio success of War of the Worlds in 1938 —, which make This is the definitive edition for Wells fans. Link to buy: Click here

Me, Isaac Asimov's Robot

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Sensitive, fun and thought-provoking, the tales of I, Robot are a milestone in the history of science fiction, whether for the introduction of the famous Laws of Robotics, for the unforgettable characters or for its completely new look at machines. Whether they live on Earth or in outer space; whether domestic or specialized, submissive or rebellious, merely mechanical or humanized, Asimov's robots conquered the minds and souls of generations of writers, filmmakers and scientists, and are still the source of inspiration for everything we read and watch about these mechanical creatures. . Link to buy: Click here

2001. An Odyssey in space by Arthur C. Clarke

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At the dawn of humanity, hunger and predators were already threatening the fledgling human species with extinction. Until the arrival of an impossible object, beyond the understanding of the limited minds of prehistoric man, foreshadowed the path of evolution. Millions of years later, the discovery of an enigmatic monolith buried on the Moon leaves scientists baffled. To investigate this mystery, Earth sends a spacecraft manned by a highly trained team, assisted by a self-aware computer, into space. From the distant past to the year 2001, from Africa to Jupiter, from ape-men to the artificial intelligence HAL 9000, penetrate the vision of a future that could have been. A sophisticated allegory about the history of the world idealized by the brilliant mind of Arthur C. Clarke and immortalized on the silver screen by Stanley Kubrick. Link to buy: Click here

1984 by George Orwell

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Winston, hero of 1984, George Orwell's last novel, lives trapped in the totalitarian gear of a society completely dominated by the State. Where everything is done collectively, but each one lives alone. No one escapes the scrutiny of Big Brother, the most famous literary personification of an infinitely cruel and cynical power, as well as void of historical sense. In fact, the ideology of the ruling Party in Oceania does not aim at anything for anyone, in the present or in the future. O'Brien, Party hierarch, is the one who explains to Winston that “we are only interested in power itself. Neither wealth, nor luxury, nor long life, nor happiness: only power for power's sake, pure power." Some of the central ideas in the book give much food for thought even today, such as the contradictory Newspeak imposed by the Party to rename things, institutions and the world itself, manipulating reality to infinity. After all, who doesn't know today "defence ministries" dedicated to promoting warlike attacks on other countries, in the same way that, in Orwell's book, the "Ministry of Love" is the place where Winston will be subjected to the most barbaric tortures in the hands of his supposed friend O'Brien. Many have read 1984 as a devastating critique of the bellicose Nazi-fascist totalitarianisms of Europe, from whose terrible crimes the world was still trying to recover when the book came to light. In the United States, it was seen as an almost comic horror fantasy turned against the communism of the now-defunct Soviet Union. Then under the command of Stalin and his single, unquestioned Party. However, overcoming all historical junctures – and even the futuristic date of the title. Link to buy: Click here

William Gibson's neuromancer

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The sky over the harbor was the color of television on an off-air channel. Considered the forerunner of the cyberpunk movement and a classic of modern science fiction, Neuromancer tells the story of Case, a cyberspace cowboy and Matrix hacker. As punishment for trying to deceive the bosses, his nervous system was contaminated by a toxin that prevents him from entering the virtual world. Now, he wanders the suburbs of Tokyo, committing petty crimes to survive, and ends up getting involved in a journey that will forever change the world and the perception of reality. Evolving from Blade Runner and anticipating The Matrix, Neuromancer is William Gibson's debut novel. This dystopian work, published in 1984, very accurately foresees several fundamental aspects of today's society and its relationship with technology. It was the first book to win the so-called “triple crown of science fiction”: the prestigious Hugo, Nebula and Philip K. Dick awards. Link to buy: Click here

Pierre Boulle's Planet of the Apes

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Before long, the space explorers discover the terrible truth: in this world, their human counterparts are nothing more than wild beasts in the service of the dominant species... the apes. From the first pages to the surprising ending – even more impactful than the famous final scene of the 1968 film –. Planet of the Apes is a breathtaking novel, spiced with a healthy dose of satire. In it, Boulle revisits some of humanity's oldest questions: What defines man? What differentiates us from animals? Who are the true enemies of our species? First published in 1963, Planet of the Apes, by Pierre Boulle, inspired one of the most successful franchises in cinema history, starting with the 1968 classic, starring Charlton Heston, going through several sequels and reaching cinematographic adaptations most recent. Link to buy: Click here

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