Pleonasm: what it is, examples and how to avoid

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THE pleonasm is a linguistic resource that many people use, but it ends up creating confusion when communicating. After all, it is about repeating a term or an idea with the intention of putting more emphasis on communication.

Also, depending on the way in which pleonasm is used, it can end up becoming a deviation from the standard norm, and it is a type of linguistic movement that is not always welcomed.

Know the types of pleonasm

Well, in order to be able to identify with more understanding this communication format, it is necessary to keep in mind that there are some types of pleonasm, such as the literary and the vicious. To make it easier to understand, we'll explain a little more about them.

We start by saying that they are different and depend directly on the intention of who is using them in the speech, whether during a speech about a alignment machine or in casual conversation with a friend.

Some experts argue that the use of terms that generate pleonasm may end up validating its occurrence, thus generating a figure of speech. In other cases, however, it becomes a language addiction, which is detrimental to communication.

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Literary pleonasm

In literary pleonasm, the idea is to emphasize a concept, often with the purpose of making a sentence construction more poetic. This is very common in poems that make reference to nature, as a way of highlighting part of the writing.

Typically, this type of redundancy is used for highlighting, thus creating a more direct and impactful aesthetic reference to the text, ensuring greater attention to this type of dialogue. Among the main examples, we can mention:

  • Hot sun;
  • Blue sea;
  • Black night;
  • White snow.

All these pleonasms are basic, but they are often used in language as a way of giving a special adjective that draws attention to the very nature of the noun to which it refers.

This ensures a structure much more suited to the type of dialogue being formed, which can often be used in conjunction with pleonastic objects.

Pleonastic Objects

Well, in this case, it is possible to highlight a direct or indirect object, such as a directional valve, using this technique. In other words, make use of an add-on on the weighing machine, but which ends up being redundant. 

By the way, repetition is an important tool to highlight and present a more qualified content throughout a text or dialogue, and this type of action ends up generating pleonastic objects that can guarantee a much greater emphasis on the object in question.

Vicious pleonasm

In vicious pleonasm, on the other hand, there is no need to use the technique in an aesthetic way, thus creating a language addiction, redundancy. This type of construction does not add anything to the original sentence and can even generate confusion for the message recipient. 

Because of this, pleonasms are not often used and are often condemned in the language standard when writing material for a law firm or even during a simple conversation.

Even if there is no justification for the use of pleonasm, it becomes a language addiction, often caused by lack of knowledge of the terms being used or how to apply them in correct phrasing.

Even so, pleonasms are widely used in everyday life, either because of habit or lack of knowledge. Some sentences are so popular that they seem like a common consensus, even if they are grammatically incorrect.

Because of this, it is necessary to pay attention to this type of dialogue, to ensure that you do not use these vicious pleonasms and end up harming your communication, not making yourself understood with more quality in your actions.

Pleonasmo: o que é, exemplos e como evitar

See some pleonasms that should be avoided

Some pleonasms are very popular, because of this many people don't know they are using them. So, knowing some of these points is an important type of action for you to work with quality in your communication.

This type of action helps you better understand how you talk to others and even when you need to use writing, ensuring a more appropriate dialogue for your interactions with other people, whether to talk about thermometer calibration or another theme.

1 - Final conclusion

Many people end up using this term to conclude texts and essays, but this type of pleonasm creates redundancy because the conclusion is a synonymous word for final, so just one of the two words is enough.

This type of mistake is very common, as you end up trying to put more emphasis on the fact that the content is reaching its final stage, so it should be identified more effectively.

Another common way of completing a project or work is using the term “final considerations”, and there is a lot of confusion at the time of writing, which ends up causing more uses of pleonasm.

2 – Repeat again

This phrase is used a lot, mainly to ask a person to repeat for the second or another time beyond the first repetition. This emphasis is usually to try to say that even with a repetition, the understanding was not clear to the receiver.

Although it is common sense, and many people can understand the communicator's intention when using this phrase, it is to ask for the repetition of the subject about level sensor or another theme, is wrong and ends up falling into pleonasm.

Repeating it again, repeating it again or its variations, ends up being a repetitive way of speaking, which doesn't need to extend more than necessary in a dialogue, so it is important to know how to use your communication.

This way, you can have a more adequate structure to communicate with the other person, without interfering with this type of action during the time you both spend talking.

3 – Many years ago

When there is an interest in communicating a matter of the passage of time, especially in a period long before the dialogue is taking place, it is common to use the term many years ago.

However, the verb to have is already an identification of elapsed time. Because of this, there is no need to affirm that the sentence is in the past, since the construction of the sentence already indicates that it is an element of the past.

This type of phrase ends up becoming repetitive, which makes communication slower and more confusing for the receiver, and should be avoided whenever possible. 

That is, when you want to say that for many years you had, for example, a manual cancel at home, avoid using the 'behind'. Or eliminate the 'ha' by leaving the sentence like this: Many years ago I had a manual gate in my house.

4 – Small details

Another very common phrase for everyday use is unnecessary repetition, since in its basic definition the word detail means a small element within something larger.

As this is already a detail of the subject in which it is being used, there is no need to use an adjective to indicate that it is something small. Simply saying the situation is a detail is more than enough.

5 – General consensus

People use the term general consensus to indicate that there is unanimity in a particular thought, idea, or philosophy. However, a consensus is already the representation of agreement that the sentence needs to indicate.

Consensus is a general decision based on the opinion of a group of people. Because of this, the consensus does not need to be accompanied by the general term to be able to present quality in its communication.

This type of action is very common to try to present an idea as broad and well accepted, but it is important to keep in mind that you may not need this type of resource to make yourself understood in relation to your material.

In a practical example, your sentence could look like this: It is already a consensus that the digital tachograph has been used by many people. Realize? The general is totally expendable. 

6 – Absolute certainty

This is another common use of vicious pleonasms, which is often used normally in conversation, given the scope of its popularization. Although the term is used for the purpose of demonstrating a greater force in the sentence, it is incorrect.

This is because a certainty is assertive. There is no room for doubt when you say you are sure of something, so this element is always absolute, thus removing the need to use the term absolute.

A certainty is the conviction that you know what you are talking about, which guarantees more security and indubitability for the sentence as a whole. 

For example, when you say: 'I'm sure these clamping elements are enough', you no longer need to guarantee with the 'absolute'.

Pleonasmo: o que é, exemplos e como evitar

Final considerations

Pleonasms are a common tool in every person's daily life, and because of that, it is necessary to be careful to avoid using this type of sentence construction, thus ensuring a more direct and objective communication.

Using terms that are repeated a lot can make your communication impractical and even have negative results and impacts in your personal or professional environment, which makes most people seek to improve this type of dialogue.

This text was originally developed by the blog team Investment Guide, where you can find hundreds of informative content on different segments.