Esperanto - A planned language!

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Saluton, did Kiel see enough? Did I see Esperanton parolas?

WHAT´S ???????

Hello Readers of Words Learning, imagine that you went anywhere in the world and spoke only one language? in this article, we are going to talk about Esperanto, created with a simple and somewhat noble objective - to facilitate people's communication with an easy and quickly assimilated language. To begin, let's understand a little about what Esperanto is, where it originated from, and learn a little about this fascinating language.

What is Esperanto?

Esperanto is a language created to facilitate communication between the peoples of the whole world, it is international and neutral because it belongs to all peoples and provides communication between people all over the world, without any tendency for cultural, political, religious and economic predominance .

Number of speakers

According to the Site Duolingo Esperanto is spoken by over a million people in the world

Peace - The Origin of Language

The reason for the word “Peace” in the title is no accident, the founder or inventor of Esperanto was the Polish eye doctor Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof, He was very distressed because of wars and conflicts, since he was a Pacifist, and in that region of Europe there were conflicts between nations, and the violence increased just because sometimes if you speak a different language, it made him think “Why are people fighting over nothing?” so since he was a child he was studying a way to create a Universal language and with 19 years old together with some friends, they created a language. But in 1887, with a more mature way of thinking, he refined all his work and released his book “Unua Libro ” taught what we know today as Esperanto.

 Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof, Criador do Esperanto.
Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof - Creator of Esperanto.

NOTE 1: Esperanto is not the first universal language, before it had other attempts to create a language, one from the 19th century was "Solresol" and the other was "Volapük" or Volapuque (of which it still has speakers) and others.

NOTE 2: Since Esperanto is an “artificial or planned language” we prefer to use the term “Universal Language” but adopted by several other sites, also because the term “artificial” can be offensive and take away the credibility of its creator.

NOTE 3: We will use the term “Esperantist” to refer to speakers of the language.

An easy language:

Esperanto is easy to assimilate, its grammar has simple rules - 16, but a study is necessary for satisfactory learning.

Here are some rules:

  • All adjectives end in "A"
  • Every verb ends in "I"
  • There are 3 verb tenses, Present ended in “Aŭdas” Past in “Is” and the future in “Os” and “Us” in conditional.
  • To indicate actions, add “N”
  • All nouns end in "O"
  • The defined article is “La”, it does not vary for gender, case or number.
  • For plurals, the “J” is used
  • The verb does not vary in person or in number
  • Each letter represents a sound, and each sound a single letter, there are no silent letters, every word is read as it is written.
  • Female gender is used with the ending "ino"

How long would it take you to communicate fluently in Esperanto?

One month!

Yes, you read that right, One Month !!!! According to the WeRgeeks podcast, Professor Lucas Yassumura who passed away on March 24, 2013, said that to communicate with anyone in the world in Esperanto, one month of study is enough, and if you want to become a fluent Esperantist you it would take just 3 months to spend R $ 400 or 500 reais in the three levels of the language.

Are we going to learn some expressions in that language?

Tabela Responsiva: Role a tabela para o lado com o dedo <<
Portuguese Esperanto
You welcome Bonvenon
Hello Saluton
Good Morning Bonan matenon

Bonan tagon

Good night (date) Bonan vesperon
Good night (farewell) Bonan nokton
Goodbye, see you next time, see you later ... Ĝis
AdiaŭĜis poste
Ĝis (la) revido
Ĝis la
Required to). Dankon
You're welcome Nedankinde
Good luck Bonŝancon!
Enjoy your food

Good meal

Bonan apetiton!
How are you? Kiel vi fartas?

Kiel vi sanas?
Kiel vi?
Kiel vi, [Nome]?

Well, thanks. Is that you? Tre bone, dankon. Kaj vi?
We haven't seen each other in a while! Dum longa tempo mi ne vidis vin
What's your name?

What is your name?

Kio estas via nomo?
Kiel vi nomiĝas?
My name is…

My name is…

Mia nomo estas …
Mi nomiĝas …
Where did you come from or (is)? De kie vi estas?
I came from ... or (I am from ...) Mi estas de …
Nice to meet you Mi ĝojas, ke mi povas konatiĝi kun vi
Agrablas renkonti vin
Estas plezuro renkonti vin
Have a nice day Bonan tagon al vi!
Good trip Bonan vojaĝon!
I get it Mi komprenas
Do not understand Mi ne komprenas
Yes Jes
No Ne
I do not know Mi ne scias
Please speak more slowly Parolu pli malrapide mi petas
Please speak again Ĉu vi povus ripeti mi petas?
Do you speak English? Ĉu vi parolas la anglan?
Do you speak Esperanto? Ĉu vi parolas Esperanton?
Yes a little… Jes, iomete
How do you say ... in Esperanto? Kiel oni diras … en Esperanto?
Excuse! Pardonu!
How much? Kiom tio kostas?
Kiom kostas?
excuse me Mi bedaŭras!
Please. Mi petas
I miss you, miss you. Vi mankas al mi
I love you, I love you Mi amas vin
Leave me alone!

Leave me alone!

Lasu min trankvile!
Help! Help! Helpon!
Stop! Haltu!

Note: In the Esperanto column, some words have a sound, click to hear the pronunciation.

This video explains the alphabet and a few words for each letter:

It's just for today…