Introduction to the Chinese language

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Hello Friends of Learning words, let's learn a little about the Chinese language?

Chinese or Mandarin?

Before starting the article it is important to know this, are both the same? The answer is yes and no. Chinese refers to writing, which includes the system known as Pinyin, it differs from traditional to simplified in some ideograms, but in speech the story changes, since officially in China Mandarin is widely spoken by everyone, there are dialects in villages, ethnicities and cities, some of these dialects include Cantonese spoken in Canton and have Shanghai and Taiwanese, but all use Chinese as script.

To fix:

Chinese: Chinese writing

Mandarin: Chinese spoken.

Simplified or Traditional Chinese?

THE Simplified Chinese it is a simplified form of traditional Chinese characters created by the People's Republic of China to promote literacy, has fewer features, is used in the People's Republic of China, Singapore and the Chinese community in Malaysia, but is not used in Taiwan.

THE Traditional Chinese  dates back to the Han Dynasty era and has remained reasonably stable since the 5th century. The term “traditional” is used to distinguish traditional characters from the other writing pattern of Chinese, has more features. Currently, traditional Chinese is used in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.

Difference example:

Traditional Chinese: 你 為什麼 沒 來, 發生 了 什麼 事。
Simplified Chinese:你 为什么 没 来, 发生 了 什么 事.
Pinyin: nǐ wèi shén me méi lái, fā shēng le shén me shì
Portuguese: Why did not you come? What happened?

Traditional Chinese:如果 你 再不 離開 的 話 我 就要 叫 警察 了!
Simplified Chinese: 如果 你 再不 离开 的 话 我 就要 叫 警察 了!
Pinyin: rú guǒ nǐ zài bù Líkāi de huà wǒ jiùyào jiào jǐngchá le
Portuguese: If you don't go out I'll call the police.

Traditional Chinese: 他 的 飛機 早上 六點 到。   
Simplified Chinese: 他 的 飞机 早上 六点 到。
Pinyin: tā of fēijī zǎoshàng liùdiǎn dào
Portuguese: Your'll come at 6 horin the morning.

Chinese Language Data:
This language belongs to the Sino-Tibetan subfamily linguistic stem. It is a tonal, isolating and, basically, monosyllabic language, tending to monosyllabism mainly in the written variant. For the transcription of Chinese tones there are “accents” that help to pronounce the words correctly. There are 4 tones that this video talks about a little:
Let's learn some Chinese phrases:

That's it for today, but stay tuned, we will continue to talk more about Chinese… so:

再见 (Zàijiàn) - Goodbye!
Source: Wikipedia.